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尚普兰哈德逊环境研究与发展信托基金获批准的项目名单

 

第一优先哈德逊河项目

成鱼、稚鱼居住和洄游鱼类栖息地分布的野外采样与分析

Description: 该项目将在哈德逊河河口上游确定居住和洄游成鱼和幼鱼的重要栖息地. 将对河流中大面积的各种生境类型进行采样,包括浅植被区和无植被区, shoals, open channel, and backwaters. Juvenile and adult fish community composition and abundance will be compared across all habitat types to determine the relative importance of each habitat to each fish species and community. This work will lead to identifying specific locations that will serve as reference sites for developing design parameters and target conditions for restoration sites throughout the region.

 

洄游和留居鱼类幼鱼的首选生境特征分析

Description: This project is an in-depth study of the biotic and abiotic characteristics of important habitats identified in project #1 and similar ongoing research on larval fish. 植物群落, water chemistry, benthic fauna, 沉积物特征, flow regimes, 与其他各种措施一起,将增加万博mantex体育手机登录对首选栖息地类型及其功能的了解. 这些信息将用于指导未来项目的设计,以恢复类似类型的栖息地. 与项目1相比,将会有更少但更深入的研究地点.

 

现有跟踪测绘数据的分析与总结

Description: 这个项目涉及到将三个独立的和现有的项目收集的数据结合起来:高分辨率, 深水底栖生物的映射, 以及NYSDEC收集的大西洋鲟鱼和美洲鲥鱼的追踪信息. 作为正在进行的鱼类遥测工作的一部分所收集的个别鱼类的位置数据将在空间上参考底栖测绘数据. Statistical analysis of how spatial distributions of classes of the benthic environment are related to spatial distributions of tagged fish will be done. The project will seek to identify deepwater habitat (as defined by sediment environment and sediment type) preferences throughout the river for sturgeon and shad.

 

上河口细颗粒泥沙和污染物的输运模型研究

Description: Model transport of upper estuary fine-grain sediment and contaminants to predict how habitat restoration designs will affect sediment management and contaminant distribution in the upper estuary. This information is needed to guide the design of restoration projects that will benefit migratory fish species while minimizing impact to sediment management plans and contaminant distribution in the estuary. Modeling work will address three challenges: 1) to effectively predict local conditions at the scale of ~10 meters while at the same time including significant factors throughout the estuary watershed that might affect local conditions; 2) to model ice scour, and 3) to properly model fine-grained sediment transport and deposition which include some physical properties not found in coarser-grained sediment transport. 最后一点很重要,因为污染物通常与细粒泥浆有关.

 

哈德逊河栖息地恢复计划-洄游鱼类产卵和青少年避难所栖息地恢复计划的实施

Description: A secondary channel refuge habitat restoration project will be implemented in the upper estuary consistent with the goals of the Draft Hudson River Habitat Restoration Plan. The restoration project will be implemented consistent with the Society of Ecological Restoration International’s (SER) “Guidelines for developing and managing ecological restoration projects, 2nd Edition,” (2005). 项目总费用可包括修复和参考场地的基线和施工后监测, design, implementation, 以及土地收购成本. 缓解资金可用于项目费用的任何部分,或作为州或联邦生境恢复补助金的配套资金.

 

第二优先哈德逊河项目

大西洋和短鼻鲟鱼追踪

Description: 这个项目需要用声学标签标记大西洋和短鼻鲟鱼的幼年和成年生命阶段, 并利用安装在船上的移动水听器跟踪鱼类的活动. 在阵列研究区内部署和使用固定接收器阵列,以高分辨率监测生境利用情况. 每个物种的每个生命阶段每年标记30至40条鱼. The purpose of this work is to expand knowledge of how individual fish species use different parts of the Hudson River Estuary’s varied habitat (in terms of water depth, salinity, 和底部类型)在一年的不同时间和不同的生命阶段.

 

成年美国鲥鱼标签和跟踪

Description: 用声学标签标记成年美国鲥鱼,并使用安装在船上的移动水听器跟踪鱼类在河口的运动. 在阵列研究区内部署和使用固定接收器阵列,以高分辨率确定标记鱼对生境的利用. 每年标记和监测30到40条鱼. The purpose of this work is to expand knowledge of how individual fish species use different parts of the Hudson River Estuary’s varied habitat (in terms of water depth, salinity, 和底部类型)在一年的不同时间和不同的生命阶段.

 

第三优先哈德逊河项目

浅水映射

Description: Complete shallow-water benthic mapping to map the bathymetry and sediment environment of the waters less than 4 meters deep in the Hudson River Estuary from the harbor at New York City to Troy. The purpose of this project is to develop a detailed description of the physical environment in which fish live and to support management activities related to fish and wildlife management and contaminant transport. The project will include the development of databases and products consistent with techniques used in prior Hudson River shallow water mapping, 建造哈德逊河底栖生物测绘项目, 包括使用几种不同类型的声纳,以1米水平分辨率测量水深和沉积物特征, 补充沉积物, and grabs, 以及沉积物剖面图像, 绘制详细的水深图和沉积物类型及沉积物环境解释图.

 

哈德逊河Estuarium

Description: 为哈德逊河河口水族馆的建造和运作提供资金, 目前正在曼哈顿26号码头开发的一个实地研究站. The facility will house and support scientists performing field studies within the estuary and will serve as a hub for the collection and transmission of remote sensing data.

 

哈德逊河栖息地恢复计划-实施第二次洄游鱼类产卵和青少年避难所栖息地恢复计划

Description: Implement a secondary channel refuge habitat restoration project in the upper estuary consistent with the goals of the Draft Hudson River Habitat Restoration Plan. The restoration project will be implemented consistent with the Society of Ecological Restoration International’s (SER) “Guidelines for developing and managing ecological restoration projects, 2nd Edition,” (2005). 项目总费用可包括修复和参考场地的基线和施工后监测, design, implementation, 以及土地收购成本. 可用的缓解资金可作为州或联邦恢复拨款申请的配套资金.

 

第四优先哈德逊河项目

鲟鱼栖息地与饲料

Description: The Project will include field studies to determine dietary habits of sturgeon and the relationship between benthic biota and benthic characteristics. 在放生之前,鲟鱼将被捕获并在特定地点进行胃内容物取样. Location information will be spatially referenced to Benthic Mapping data identifying benthic characteristics (sediment composition and dynamics). Evaluation of benthic fauna using shallow cores collected in the field will correlate benthic community compositions with sediment environment and observed dietary preferences of the target species. 该项目将帮助确定喂养鲟鱼的优先区域和栖息地类型.

 

休闲渔业调查

Description: 该项目将包括对利用哈德逊河河口的垂钓者进行实地调查,以确定渔获物的组成, total catch, total effort, 以及无冰季节的捕鱼量. 任何建设或运营影响都可能对鱼类种群和渔业产生影响. 渔业调查是评估各种捕捞物种变化的经济方法. 早期的调查将被用作变更分析和安装后的基线.

 

哈德逊河栖息地恢复计划-实施第三个洄游鱼类产卵和青少年避难所栖息地恢复计划.

Description: Implement a secondary channel refuge habitat restoration project in the upper estuary consistent with the goals of the Draft Hudson River Habitat Restoration Plan. The restoration project will be implemented consistent with the Society of Ecological Restoration International’s (SER) “Guidelines for developing and managing ecological restoration projects, 2nd Edition,” (2005). 项目总费用可包括修复和参考场地的基线和施工后监测, design, implementation, 以及土地收购成本. 可用的缓解资金可作为州或联邦恢复拨款申请的配套资金.

 

布朗克斯,哈莱姆和东河项目

布朗克斯杀死栖息地恢复

Description: 通过软化海岸线来恢复布朗克斯杀戮区内和沿线的栖息地, 建立湿地, 并消除流动障碍,以造福受电缆建设和运营影响的迁移和定居物种.

 

布朗克斯河鱼类通道

Description: 在布朗克斯河沿岸实施大坝拆除或绕道工程,以改善鱼类的洄游, 以造福受电缆建设和运作影响的迁徙性和留居性物种.

 

哈莱姆河设计边缘项目

Description: 沿着哈莱姆河重新配置现有的垂直海岸线结构,以创造栖息地的复杂性, and provide refugia for migratory and resident fish species in order to compensate for habitat disturbance associated with cable construction and operation.

 

牡蛎养殖场的开发与修复

Description: 牡蛎是“生态系统工程师”,“创造了一个支持水生生物多样性的复杂环境. 牡蛎有助于调节水中浮游植物的浓度, 减少了对溶解氧的竞争,从而使其他海洋生物受益. 曾经无处不在的哈德逊-拉里坦河口和纽约港, 几十年的过度捕捞, disease, 污染几乎消灭了曾经覆盖这些地区的牡蛎. 最近水质的改善使人们能够努力恢复河口的这一重要元素.

修复纽约水域的牡蛎养殖场, 包括哈德逊河地区, 是陆军工程兵团哈德逊-拉里坦河口综合修复计划的关键目标之一吗. 作为牡蛎恢复研究计划(ORRP)的一部分,建造了试点牡蛎礁。, 一个由30多个实体组成的伙伴关系. Ongoing two-year studies of the pilot reefs conducted by the ORRP have shown positive results that warrant further investigation consistent with the Corps of Engineers’ Comprehensive Restoration Plan. 对试点牡蛎礁为期两年的初步研究预计将于2012年春季完成. An infusion of funds from the Trust would allow the City to conduct additional studies of existing pilot oyster reefs consistent with the Corps of Engineers’ Comprehensive Restoration Plan, 包括(i)牡蛎礁提供的生态系统服务和水质效益的综合评价, (二)牡蛎幼体发育检查, 抗病性, 以及牡蛎繁殖的障碍. Also, 正在进行的对先导牡蛎礁的研究表明,“种植”在礁石上的牡蛎幼体可能会因水力运输而消失. 有了信托基金, new methods to reduce such losses would be studied within the existing footprint of the Soundview Park pilot reef in the Upper East River in the Bronx. 如获批准, the HVDC Transmission Facility will be installed in the bed of the East River as the cables are laid between the Hudson River and the East River.

Timing: Data collected from the two-year pilot oyster reef study to be completed in the spring of 2012 will be used to evaluate the feasibility of oyster reef expansion, 尤其是在布朗克斯区的Soundview公园. 这是对试点项目的评价研究, together with any additional data or other relevant information obtained during the period between completion of the initial pilot oyster reef studies and CHPE Project construction financial closing, 是否会在项目建设财务结算时重新审核. 如果审查有必要的话, 并经信托管理委员会批准, 当局可能会展开扩大试点牡蛎礁所需的程序.

 

纽约港污染沉积物评估

Description: 哈德逊河和纽约港的沉积物受到许多有害化学物质的污染, 包括多氯联苯. 干扰(我.e. 疏浚)和污染物质的处置是有问题的, 因为它对环境有害而且昂贵. 因为沉积物污染可能影响底栖生物群落和其他水生物种, 它应作为某些修复和补救项目的一部分加以考虑和评估. 了解沉积物污染水平如何随时间变化对各种目的都很重要, including the conduct and evaluation of sediment remediation efforts and informing policies on where and how to dispose of contaminated dredged material. 将开展污染沉积物评估项目, update and refine our understanding of how the quality of dredged sediments level of sediment contamination changes over time by efforts including, 例如(a)收集沉积物和定量污染物水平, including the levels of substances of concern for dredged material management; (b) determining which sediment areas are currently toxic and the identity and level of their contaminants; and (c) how the quality of dredged sediments may change over time, including, for example, 被更万博体育maxbextx手机网页版的沉积物掩埋进入系统或运输到系统的其他部分. 该项目最初将集中在污染物负荷, 和传输通过, the Hudson, Harlem, and East Rivers. 这些区域包括CHPE线缆的部分路由配置. 这个项目将在大约两(2)年的时间内进行. The information produced from this project will be presented in a final report that will inform the Design Guidelines for Shoreline Enhancements project, for example, 通过将有关污染性质和程度的信息纳入海岸线修复项目, 以及未来恢复或改善研究区内水生生境的工作.

 

制定改善海岸线的设计指引

Description: 几个世纪以来,为了满足人类的需求,纽约市周围的海岸线和浅水区已经被严重改变. These alterations were driven almost exclusively by engineering and economic considerations with little regard to the ecological needs of those waters, 水生物种和水生生境. As a result, 城市的海岸线为水生物种提供重要栖息地的能力大大降低, 减少波能, 并限制营养物和泥沙从流域输送到港湾河口. This proposal is based on the observation that new designs for engineered structures in the shore zone that meet engineering and economic requirements, 加强和恢复生态退化的海岸带生态系统是指导海岸带恢复工程的必要条件.

提高万博mantex体育手机登录对海岸带生态系统生态功能的认识, 为日后的海岸线修复工程提供便利, 包括那些目前正在进行的上游岸线项目, 加强和保护城市水域水生生境和水生物种, this project will develop: (a) a classification scheme specific to the urban shoreline habitats of New York City; (b) a comprehensive shoreline and shallow waters characterization and habitat map; and (c) design guidelines and recommendations for managing the City’s shoreline and shallow waters to enhance the ecological function of City waters. This work will be conducted over a period of approximately three (3) years and will create a final report that will be used to guide the design and location of shoreline enhancement projects.

报告中提出的设计指南可在哈德逊河沿岸进行评估和/或以其他方式实施, 东哈莱姆河. 项目附近的海岸线地区也可能是未来潜在融资请求的对象, 如果确定可行, 改善工程区内的生境或水质. 沿着这些河流的活动可能包括, for example (a) selection of one or more locations that would be suitable for a pilot or larger-scale project that would demonstrate and study the effectiveness of ecological enhancement measures identified in the guidelines (such potential sites may include, for example, open space located at the mouth of the Harlem River and Roberto Clemente State Park); (b) monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of existing shoreline enhancement measures (e.g., Harlem River Park); and (c) incorporating shoreline enhancements into certain CNY permitting processes for shoreline construction projects. 这项工程将逐渐成功, and complement, 纽约市北部正在进行可持续海岸线的努力. 这两个项目有着相似的目标, where practical, 能否交换信息和协调工作.

 

尚普兰湖优先项目

鱼类数量和康乐渔业调查的发展和实施

Description: The shallow, eutrophic South Lake section of Lake Champlain favors warm water species and is the primary area of concern for potential impacts from cable installation. 建设活动导致的浑浊度增加是南湖鱼类群落的主要担忧. 鱼卵、幼虫和幼鱼是最易受浊度增加影响的生命阶段, 因此,建筑活动对成年人口和体育渔业的影响可能在数年内不会明显. 为了评估电缆安装对湖中暖水鱼类群落的潜在影响, 对这个湖的全面监测计划, 重点在南湖, 应该发展和实施吗. The monitoring program should be comprised of studies focused on 1) obtaining up to date angler creel and opinion information; 2) assessing the characteristics and potential impacts of black bass tournaments; 3) the status of important sport- and panfish populations such as walleye, yellow perch, black bass, northern pike, and muskellunge; 4) the status and ecology of Species of Greatest Conservation Need such as sauger and mooneye; and 5) assessing the fish community dynamics for the lake, 包括饲料和入侵鱼类种群的评估. 这些研究将有助于制定和执行上述物种的管理建议. 监测方案将与指导原则相一致, 近岸鱼类群落次级目标, 尚普兰湖渔业战略计划中的信息优先事项(渔业技术委员会2009年).

 

鱼类栖息地评估

Description: Protecting and restoring fish habitats is critical to the proper management of fish populations in Lake Champlain and is a guiding principle in the Strategic Plan for Lake Champlain Fisheries (Fisheries Technical Committee 2009). In addition, 生境质量和连通性是确定某些胁迫因素潜在影响的重要标准, 比如入侵物种的扩张或浑浊度的增加. 在尚普兰湖, there is a need to identify locations and characteristics of important habitats for critical life stages of a number of migratory and resident fish species. 生境评估应重点关注蓝藻, esocids, black bass, rainbow smelt, lake trout, 鲑, steelhead, lake sturgeon, and mooneye. In addition, 应评估深水底栖生物生境与中上层鱼类群落之间的联系. 这将包括对虾丰度的评估,以及入侵鱼类如大眼鲱鱼可能对这些生物产生的影响. Information will be used to document current habitat suitability and connectivity and identify habitat restoration goals for restoring and managing resident and migratory fish.

 

关键栖息地恢复

Description: Restoration and maintenance of critical fish habitats are essential to improve and sustain productive fisheries and is a key component of fish community conservation. 增加鱼类生产和扩大分配的管理行动应包括识别, protection, 恢复产卵, nursery, 或其他重要生境(渔业技术委员会2009). 由于河流筑坝,尚普兰湖经历了严重的栖息地退化, 讨厌的入侵物种, 海岸线湿地的流失, 以及邻近土地使用造成的沉降和污染. 鱼类生境评估项目(项目2)将确定生境恢复目标和目标恢复区域. 这个项目将包括执行项目2中确定的重要生境恢复优先项目. The selected restoration projects will be consistent with the guiding principles and healthy fish community sub-goals of the Strategic Plan for Lake Champlain Fisheries. 项目将需要包括密集的前和后条件监测,以确定项目成果和适应性管理机会. 项目可能包括但不限于, 安装的珊瑚礁, improving connectivity between habitats (including fish passage) and submerged aquatic vegetation restoration and will provide benefits to both the resident and migratory fish communities. 优先发展惠及湖鲟的项目, sauger, whitefish, 内陆鲑鱼及其他稀有或猎用鱼类.

 

水生入侵物种管理

Description: 水生入侵物种会产生巨大的生态影响.g., dense water chestnut growth limits littoral habitat in the South Lake and expanding alewife populations may prevent successful natural reproduction of walleye). Also, combining invasives with other stressors that impair habitat quality can have profound detrimental effects on fish populations and has resulted in the declines of several species native to Lake Champlain that are now listed as endangered, threatened, 或特别关注的事项(2009年渔业技术委员会). 控制水生入侵物种是改善生境质量的一种手段, 管理现有栖息地, 减少对重要鱼类种群的威胁. 管理活动可能包括清除水生入侵植物, 制定一项计划,以尽量减少通过尚普兰运河和其他连接水域引入入侵物种的风险, 休闲船只, 和钓鱼的方式, 开发和实施研究, monitoring, 还有针对入侵物种的控制程序,比如刺水蚤, 斑马和斑驴贻贝, sea lamprey, and alewife. 水生入侵植物的清除将导致管理区域植物群落的变化. 应评估这些地区水生植物群落的反应.